Government affects Americans in countless ways. In a democratic society, government is the means of expressing the public will. This includes a variety of activities. In fact, virtually every occupation can be found within government. There are, however, some activities that are unique to government. The federal government defends us from foreign aggression; represents American interests abroad; deliberates, passes, and enforces laws; and administers many different programs. State and local governments pass laws or ordinances and provide vital services to constituents. There are many opportunities in government in every career area. The Government and Public Administration Career Cluster focuses on those careers that are unique to government and not contained in another Career Cluster.
- Individuals pursuing a career in the Governance Pathway include the officials elected or appointed to government positions responsible for making and executing public policy. This pathway includes the President and members of Congress, governors and state legislators, and local elected officials such as councilpersons or commissioners. Also included are the staff members that support them. Careers in this pathway often require working with constituents or interest groups with conflicting goals. Leadership, consensus building and conflict resolution are important skills for success.
- Individuals pursuing a career in the National Security Pathway help to maintain a strong sense of security that encompasses such diverse activities as running a hospital, commanding a tank, programming computers, operating a nuclear reactor, or repairing and maintaining a helicopter. The military provides training and work experience in these fields and many others for more than 2.5 million people who serve in the active Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard, their Reserve components, and the Air and Army National Guard.
- Individuals pursuing a career in the Foreign Service Pathway serve in embassies, consulates and other diplomatic missions and in Washington, D.C. Job responsibilities range from day-to-day operations of a U.S. embassy to analyzing political and economic events or helping American citizens abroad.
- Individuals pursuing a career in the Planning Pathway develop long- and short-term land use plans to provide for growth and revitalization of urban, suburban and rural communities, while helping local officials make decisions concerning social, economic and environmental issues. Planners promote the best use of a community's land and resources for residential, commercial, institutional and recreational purposes.
- Individuals pursuing a career in the Revenue and Taxation pathway ensure that governments obtain revenues from businesses and citizens by collecting tax dollars, reviewing tax returns, conducting audits, monitoring taxes payable and collecting overdue tax dollars.
- Individuals pursuing a career in the Regulation Pathway will typically possess a body of technical knowledge about an industry, the environment or technology. This coupled with a knowledge of related laws, rules and regulatory systems' permit regulators to protect our health, safety and environment as well as ensure the integrity of our financial, transportation and public utility industries. The work may include physical inspections, audits, investigations and the reports, citations, hearings and courtroom trials required to enforce a myriad of regulatory requirements.
- Individuals pursuing a career in Public Management and Administration Pathway work directly with Government agencies and public corporations and trusts and have specific and rigorous standards for the stewardship of public resources. Public management careers will require technical skills related to budgeting, personnel management, procurement or other activities, and specific knowledge of the regulations and other policies that govern public management.
Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Cluster Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Governance Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- National Security Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Foreign Service Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Planning Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Revenue and Taxation Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Regulation Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements
- Public Management & Administration Pathway Level Knowledge and Skill Statements